Aweidah Gallery

Roman DAROM Southern type Terra-cotta oil lamp, 150 AD

Item #1259274

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Roman- Jewish “Darom” southern type terracotta oil lamp 1st – 2nd Century AD

Decorated with three concentric circles around the shoulders

Length: 8.5 cm
Width: 6.5 cm

Condition: Some surface age weathering otherwise intact

Found in Hebron south of Jerusalem, Israel

Darom oil lamps is one of the most interesting groups of lamps in the exhibit is the type called "Darom", referring to its manufacture area. The area designated in rabbinic sources as "Darom"(Mishnah, Shivi'ith", and Daroma (Tosefta, Sanhedrin) included the southern part of the province of Hudaea) The south-western part of the Hebron hills, especially the area of Beit Guvrin. Today we know that these lamps were made in several places throughout the province and each area has its unique features. They date from the specific short period between the Jewish war and the Bar Kochba revolt (Ca. 70 - 150 A.D). The clay is usually fine and the lamps have very thin sides, especially in the lamps found in the Judean area. The lamp's nozzle is usually winged, often with two volutes flanking its sides. This feature also appears on Roman lamps from this period. The filling hole is large, as area the shoulders, leaving enough room for decoration. The base is usually a very low ring. The handle is sometimes completely perforated and sometimes incompletely perforated. Some of the lamps are decorated all around the filling hole, leaving the nozzle plain. The decorations consist of a large variety of designs and motifs, which include geometric designs, floral motifs, Jewish symbols, agricultural tools, jewelry, and craftsmen's tools. The decoration testifies that these lamps were manufactured and used by Jews.